- Health research overview
- Qualitative and quantitative research
- Translating research into practice (TRIP)
- Research ethics and governance
- Reviews and other types of research
- Systems, tools and techniques to support health research
- Finding data and statistics
Health and medical research improves the health and wellbeing of people.
It is concerned with discoveries about:
- how our bodies and minds function and how they respond to disease
- the development of new drugs, procedures and therapies
- influencing behaviour to improve health
- making our health services more effective and efficient.
Health research encompasses many disciplines and is undertaken in diverse settings, including hospitals, universities and the community.
When planning or critically appraising research papers, you need to consider how well the methods used to collect and analyse data support the researcher’s hypothesis or findings and how well it answers the research question. These methods are broadly categorised as Quantitative or Qualitative, or Mixed Methods (using both approaches).
The table below summarises the differences between the two approaches.
|Data analysis techniques
The creation of knowledge does not, of itself, lead to widespread implementation and positive impacts on health. The knowledge must be translated into changes in practice and policy for the benefits and impacts to flow.
Source: Research translation (NHMRC).
Translation science, also known as implementation science, is testing implementation interventions to improve uptake and use of evidence to improve patient outcomes and population health.
It is a requirement that all health research be conducted in an ethical manner.
- The Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research provides a framework for researchers to ensure high-quality research, credibility and community trust.
- The University of Queensland’s Responsible Research Management Framework Policy aligns with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research framework.
UQ’s Ethics, integrity and compliance webpage explains the processes UQ researchers must follow when conducting their research.
There are many different types or methods of research used in health, ranging from a traditional literature review to a meta-analysis.
When reporting research, you can adopt a standard approach for undertaking, writing and publishing your research. For example, the EQUATOR Network provides reporting guidelines for different study types.
The word review may mean different things. Literature reviews range from narrative or traditional literature reviews to systematic reviews, scoping reviews or systematic quantitative reviews.
Literature reviews guide
Explains different types of literature reviews and the difference between literature reviews and systematic reviews.
Systematic reviews guide
Provides an overview of systematic reviews and resources to support producing one.
The research process has many facets. These include finding, using and managing information and data, using research software tools, disseminating your research outputs, as well as complying with institutional and government requirements.
We provide guides for researchers on key tools and systems and how to use them:
- UQ eSpace is UQ’s institutional repository to keep your research output and research data profile up to date.
- UQ Research Data Manager stores and manages research data for research projects for UQ HDR students and staff.
- Digital Research Notebooks can be requested and use a notebook to store, organise, curate and share all your project’s research data and research notes for UQ HDR students and staff.
How to find, analyse and visualise research information and data, including data visualisation, text mining and text analysis and using NVivo in systematic reviews.
How to find
Techniques and resources to find specific information formats, including research data, statistics, grey literature and government information.
Before you start searching for research data, you must define the data you are looking for. This will help focus your search and the sources you use. It means not only considering your research discipline, but also the nature of data you require. For example:
- the variables required
- geographical location
- frequency of data collection
- the data analysis tools you will use.
Sources of data include government websites, data catalogues, data directories and institutional repositories. Before you start searching determine whether you need data or statistics. It can also help you decide if you have found suitable data for your research.
Data versus statistics
Statistics are the results of data analysis – its interpretation and presentation, whereas data is the individual items of factual information that have been recorded.
Data versus statistics has further information.
Research data guide
Explains how to evaluate data, steps to take to search for data and provides many links to data sources.
Data visualisation guide
Explains the basics of data visualisation and tools to help you work with and display your research data.
Helps find reference resources, books, journal articles, census data and websites related to statistics.
Key sources for Australian statistics
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) is an excellent source of Australian health statistics and includes the key publications Australia’s Health 2022 and MyHospitals. Explore MyHospitals to find information on Australia’s hospital system.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) contains some health statistics but is more useful for demographic information.
- Public Health Information Development Unit is an interactive pathway into the world of data on health and its determinants in Australia, from Torrens University.
- Healthdirect Health Map is an online platform that collates vast amounts of health data and statistical information in one place.